Uruguay's politics takes place in a framework of a presidential
representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Uruguay is
both head of state and head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party
system. Executive power is exercised by the government.
power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the
General Assembly of Uruguay. The Judiciary is independent of the
executive and the legislature. For most of Uruguay's history, the Partido
Colorado and Partido Blanco have alternated in power.
Nacional has its roots in the country side and the original settlers of
Spanish origin and the cattle ranchers. The Partido Colorado has its roots
in the port city of Montevideo, the new immigrants of Italian origin and
the backing of foreign interests.